Texas Convention - Texas Transfer Bids - Texas Transfers

and: Dutch Texas Transfer Bids

This conventional method was devised by Mr. David Carter, and also independently by Mr. Olle Willner of Sweden. In order to understand the origins it must be stated that the two mentioned bridge experts devised the concept, which means that they employed their ingenuity in the making, originating, and/or achieving this concept. It was, however, Mr. Oswald Jacoby who developed the concept, meaning that it was he, who brought the concept from latency to or toward fulfillment, and to have the concept advance to the mature state of acceptance via promotion and use.

The Texas convention is simply a Transfer Bid and is therefore sometimes referred to as Texas Transfers. Most partnerships play according to the intention of the original Texas Transfer conventional method that Texas Transfer bids are employed only when the responder has only game values, not slam values. If the responder holds slam values, then the responder should first employ Jacoby Transfer bids on the two level, and following acceptance of the transfer bid follow with a slam try.

The Texas convention is applied by the responder after one partner opens 1 No Trump or 2 No Trump, in order to have the stronger hand become the declarer play a game contract in a Major suit. In the case that the responder has a holding which allows for a game contract, the responder immediately jumps to 4 Hearts when holding a 6-card Spade Suit. The opener is required to rebid 4 Spades, which makes him then the declarer.

South   North South   North
K98
QJ10
KQJ7
A109
 
A74
K87542
98
KQ
K98
QJ10
KQJ7
A109
 
QJ87543
A8
A64
4
1 NT   4 1 NT   4
4   Pass 4   Pass

In the case that the responder has a holding which allows for a game contract, the responder immediately jumps to 4 Diamonds when holding a 6-card Heart Suit. The opener is required to rebid 4 Hearts, which makes him then the declarer.

In both cases for the Major suits described above, it is of the utmost importance that the responder has game-going values, but not slam potential, otherwise the Texas convention should not be employed. The concept was originated with the understanding that both transfer bids occur on the four level, and that the No Trump bidder is forced to accept the transfer.

Note: The original conventional method, as devised, requires that the partnership employ Texas Transfer bids after interference by the immediate opponent through an overcall up to and including 3, but this is valid only after a 1 No Trump opening. If the opening bid is 2 No Trump, then the Texas Transfer bids are played as "systems off" by immediate competition.

 

There is an extension of this concept or conventional method, which allows the partnership to transfer also to Diamonds and also to Clubs. This extension of the Texas convention is normally not designated as the Extended Texas Convention, although the designation would be apt. It is employed in the following manner as shown in the two illustrations.

South   North South   North
K98
QJ10
KQJ7
A107
 
4
64
A86542
KQ95
K98
QJ10
KQJ7
A107
 
4
A8
A64
QJ98543
1 NT   4 1 NT   4
4 5

The reason behind this extension is to include a game force for a Minor suit. The requirements, as are the disadvantages, the same. The responder should have game forcing values and at least a 6-card suit before employment. If these requirements are not met, then the responder must find another bid or call. By competition the same conditions apply as with the transfer bids to Hearts and Spades.

 

Note: It is also important to remember that the responder could employ the Jacoby Transfer convention first to transfer to a 6-card Major suit instead of using the Texas Transfer bids. The question arises as to why there should be two distinctive methods of transferring to the same suit. The concept carries with it the idea that a Jacoby Transfer, followed by a game bid, invites the No Trump bidder to slam.

Employing the Texas Transfer bids does not invite the No Trump bidder to consider slam, but only a game contract. The second difference is that the bid of 4 No Trump after a Texas Transfer bid is Roman Keycard Blackwood, whereas the bid of 4 No Trump after a Jacoby Transfer is considered to be only quantitative. This, of course, is by partnership agreement. The concept can be inverted by any partnership.

If and when the opponents interfere, especially with an immediate overcall, the general consensus is that the responder, provided that the level of interference is not too high, continue with the Texas Transfer convention (see above). If the overcall has interfered with the comfort level and has disturbed the features of the Texas Transfer convention, then the general consensus is that all suit bids by the responder are to be considered natural. This means that some partnerships have adopted the understanding that all Texas Transfer bids through 3 Spades are still in effect. But any preempt on the four level, especially by the immediate opponent, should be considered to be natural.

Note: In case of an intervening overcall, other partnership understandings have agreed to include the features of the Texas Transfer convention only through to and including 3 Clubs (see original concept above), after which all bids by the responder become natural. Partnership agreement.

Note: In case of an intervening overcall, other partnership understandings have agreed to include the features of the Texas Transfer convention only through to and including 3 Diamonds, after which all bids by the responder become natural. Partnership agreement.

 

Variation of Texas Transfers - Dutch Texas Transfer Bids

A variation of the Texas Transfer Bids is played in The Netherlands, or parts thereof, and which is referred to unofficially as Dutch Texas Transfer Bids. The concept behind this variation is based on the fact that the conventional method of Gerber is surrendered and the immediate first response of 4Clubs becomes a Transfer bid to Diamonds. Following the completion of the transfer, the responder would then sign-off in either Major suit.

The alledged advantage of this variation is that the transfer would allow the responder, holding either one or two tenaces, to become the declarer instead of the No Trump bidder.

South   North South   North  
Meaning
K98
QJ10
KQJ7
A107
 
AQ
A86542
64
985
K98
QJ10
KQJ7
A107
 
AQJ1053
85
AQ4
64
   
1 NT   4 1 NT   4  
The first immediate response of 4 is a Dutch Transfer Bid to Diamonds.
4 4 hearts 4 4

 

 

If you wish to include this feature, or any other feature, of the game of bridge in your partnership agreement, then please make certain that the concept is understood by both partners. Be aware whether or not the feature is alertable or not and whether an announcement should or must be made. Check with the governing body and/or the bridge district and/or the bridge unit prior to the game to establish the guidelines applied. Please include the particular feature on your convention card in order that your opponents are also aware of this feature during the bidding process, since this information must be made known to them according to the Laws of Duplicate Contract Bridge. We do not always include the procedure regarding Alerts and/or Announcements, since these regulations are changed and revised during time by the governing body. It is our intention only to present the information as concisely and as accurately as possible.

 

 

Claus and Raymond

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