This is an action intentionally performed by a player or partnership to produce an advantage, a benefit, an undeserved profit for the perpetrator. Any such action in the game of bridge is deemed inappropriate, unsuitable, and in most instances punishable.
This term describes a play technique devised and published by Dr. Bertrand Romanet of Paris, France. This barricade coup allows the declarer to obstruct the defenders from establishing a long suit.
Bath Coup - Anti-Bath Coup
The Bath Coup is as old as the game of Whist, which was very popular in England, and the name may be derived from city of Bath, which was once a favorite meeting place of the aristocracy.
Technically, the Belladonna coup may be classified as a type of avoidance play. That is, a tactical maneuver by declarer in a given suit, designed to keep a particular defender from gaining the lead and possibly making a fatal return, either in terms of tricks, or tempo, or both. In the pure form - by definition - the Belladonna coup contains both elements, with the special feature that the dangerous defender may not, perhaps, be kept off lead - hence, the 'type of' - but only in exchange for a vital trick or tempo for declarer. In this respect the Belladonna coup differs from the standard avoidance plays. This coup is illustrated and clarified is presented in a .pdf file format, which will be automatically opened by any browser. The author of the IMP article is Mr. Lex De Groot. This article has also only been preserved and archived in .pdf file format on this site for future reference.
A coup can be defined, relating to the game of bridge, as a master stroke, the shortening of your trumps to enable picking up an onside Minor tenace in trumps without a card to lead for a finesse, or a special maneuver by the declarer.
Coup en Passant
A coup en passant is the lead of a plain suit card to promote a low trump card behind a higher trump card to a winning position. It describes an action taken by the declarer to promote a trump card of lesser value than the trump card held by a defender.
Also sometimes referred to as the alligator coup this is a defense technique which is a defensive, threatening action by the opponents to prevent the declarer from following through with his intended endplay, which would normally fulfill the contract or provide the declarer with an additional, perhaps undeserved trick.
The Dentist Coup
This designation, inofficially and perhaps humourously, refers to the extraction of a safe exit card from the holding of the opponent, and, by inference, the removal or extraction of a card that allows an opponent a safe play. This particular coup received its designation from Mr. John Trelde of Copenhagen, Denmark. The designation is termed humorous in the sense that Mr. John Trelde was a dentist by profession, or a person, who extracts.
The invention of this particular coup is stated unequivocally to have been invented by Mr. Alexandre Louis Honore Lebreton Deschapelles, also known during his lifetime as Guillaume le Breton. He was born in France on March 7, 1780, and died on October 27, 1847. This coup is the lead of an unsupported honor to create an entry in partner's hand. This coup is also defined as the lead of an unsupported honor to kill an entry in an opponent's hand.
This coup is also referred to as the disappearing trump trick. It occurs during a certain configuration of the cards when a seemingly certain trump winner disappears, or becomes no longer a certain trump winner.
This is a designation for a maneuver, which establishes or is made in preparation of a pseudo squeeze during the play, generally by the declarer. The dutch coup is namely the maneuver and/or the pre-play, which constitutes the establishment of such a card combination. This form of coup was originally described by Mr. Gerrit-Jan R. Förch of The Netherlands in the year 1972.
This particular coup arises when the contract is in a suit in which the declaring side is missing both the Ace and King of trump. If executed successfully by the declarer, then the defenders end up being forced to play the Ace and King of trumps to the same trick, thus telescoping their two trump tricks into one.
In a grand coup the declarer ruffs his own winners, either for transport between the two holdings, or to shorten his trumps, or simply because no card other than a trump is idle.
Double Grand Coup
A play by which declarer twice ruffs certain winning cards in order to reduce the hand which is long in trumps to the same length as that of an opponent, in preparation for a coup.
Sextuple Grand Coup
The example of a sextuple grand coup is presented in the publication Bridge á la une authored by Mr. José Le Dentu in the year 1964, published by Fayar of Paris, France. LC: 66055562, ASIN: B005ESHNOY.
Single Grand Coup
Similar to the single coup the declarer reduces the holdings to that of the right hand opponent. However, the grand coup also involves ruffing one of the dummy's winners with declarer's long trump suit to provide transportation to declarer's hand.
Merrimac Coup - Merrimack Coup
Also known in earlier card games, such as Whist and Auction Bridge, as Hobson's Coup and Hobson's Choice, it is the deliberate sacrifice of a high card with the purpose of knocking out a vital entry in the hand of the opponent, usually the dummy. Named after the Merrimac, an American coal carrying ship sunk in 1898 in Santiago Harbor in an attempt to bottle up the Spanish Fleet. Not the Merrimack which engaged battle with the Monitor.
Milton Work's Coup
Two great bridge personalities of France, Mr. José Le Dentu and Mr. Robert Berthe, describes this particular play technique in their publication Mesurez-Vous Aux Champions.
The Pitt coup is a play, by which the declarer places himself in a position to lead through his left hand opponent in a suit, in which the dummy holds a Major tenace over the left hand opponent's Minor tenace.
Humorous Coups Devised by Bridge Players
Bridge players are among the most creative, artistic, original, inventive, clever, and to a degree the most visionary persons. They design, conceive, contrive, sketch, draw, paint, and picture new and heretofore that thought which has been thus far the un-thought, the unseen, the not yet imagined. They forge, formulate, project, and excogitate such deliberations, observations, and reflections.
Following is a list of possible coups developed, devised, and constructed by players within the bridge community. There are to a very large degree observations, contemplations, reflections about certain coups, to which a generally humorous definition is attached. They are by no means authorized, sanctioned, recognized coups, but rather a comedic release for the reader and visitor.
If any bridge player would care to contribute to this list, then we encourage such contributions, since the game of bridge remains a source of enjoyment and pleasure. The reader should simply enjoy the following definitions in the sense, in which they have been composed and presented.
Various Coups by the Bridge Community
The Bigot-Johnson Coup
This is the designation of a coup devised by Mr. Howard Bigot-Johnson, who is, apart from being a keen political observer, an unrecognised bridge genius, who is forever thwarted by hapless clueless bumbledogs. Their bungled attempts to bid and play the cards properly never fail to stick one across me, such is the absurd injustice of this peculiar game. This coup has also only been preserved and archived on this site in .pdf file format for future reference.
The Color Coup
This designation refers to an action that when a defender is running a long suit quickly and throwing in a trick of the suit of the same color somewhere in the middle in order to try and provoke or cause a revoke.
Dante's Infernal Cuckoo Coups
This is a collection of 22 humorous coups presumably performed at one time or another at the bridge table during play. They are presented online by Mr. Ted Muller on his website. The list includes the Atheist Coup, Barbara Coup, Backwards Sacramento Coup (aka Rio Linda Coup), Biu's Coup, Compression Coup, Cop-Out Coup, Donkey Coup, Eclipse Coup, Evans Coup, Hesitation Coup, Intimidation Coup, Know-It-All Coup, Masochist Coup, Ostrich Coup, Pincochle Coup, Reverse Christmas Coup (aka Anti-Christ Coup), Rubin Coup, Sacramento Coup, Sadist Coup, Sominex Coup, and the Wrong Stuff Coup.
The Easter Coup
This particular humorous coup by members of BridgeBase Online (BBO) refers to the phrase "He has risen", meaning that a defender goes up with the Ace in error or by inattentiveness.
The Elvis Presley Coup
This particular humorous coup by members of BridgeBase Online (BBO) refers to the fact that many Americans believe that the King is not dead. The humorous definition refers to an action that when the defender sits with an Ace under the King, then the defender cashes the Ace.
The Superglue Coup
This humorous type of coup finds application when a defender pulls out two cards together (as if they were glued or super-glued together). The declarer sees the cards and assumes that they are adjacent in rank in the holding of the defender. An example is provided, also by BBO'ers, which states that if the declarer is missing the K103 and one defender extracts both the King and the 3 together, then the declarer can assume that the defender does not have the 10.
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