The pseudo squeeze is not actually a mechanical squeeze created by a certain play technique, but rather a psychological squeeze play intended to induce, effect, or cause a wrong discard by a defender, who is under the false impression that he has been squeezed, is being squeezed, or imagines the initiation of a squeeze play.

The creation of such an action can only be initiated with only those opponents, who are acquainted with squeeze techniques, and who can recognize a squeeze technique by the play of the declarer.

Note: The definition of pseudo- is: similar to; made up to appear like something else; not genuine: not authentic or sincere, in spite of appearances.
Note: Synonyms are: faker, impostor, shammer, pretender, deceiver, trickster, slicker.
Note: The definition of the concept does not fit the definition of a cheat or cheater.

By creating the impression that a squeeze is being triggered, the defender may make a false conclusion and, as a result, defend incorrectly, allowing the declarer to succeed in making the contract, and perhaps indeed an overtrick, which otherwise would have been denied.

The following example can illustrate this pseudo squeeze and/or, as it is also designated, the psychological squeeze.


West has been inattentive during the first nine plays and has not counted the Spades. West, therefore, does not realize that South no longer has any Spades. South may or may not realize this fact, but could plan a strategy around this suspicion by leading the Ace of Clubs. Being unaware that South does not have any transport to the Ace of Spades in the dummy, West, who is being squeezed, might discard a Diamond in the belief that East, his partner, can protect the Diamond suit. If this happens, then South wins all four tricks.



If you wish to include this feature, or any other feature, of the game of bridge in your partnership agreement, then please make certain that the concept is understood by both partners. Be aware whether or not the feature is alertable or not and whether an announcement should or must be made. Check with the governing body and/or the bridge district and/or the bridge unit prior to the game to establish the guidelines applied. Please include the particular feature on your convention card in order that your opponents are also aware of this feature during the bidding process, since this information must be made known to them according to the Laws of Duplicate Contract Bridge. We do not always include the procedure regarding Alerts and/or Announcements, since these regulations are changed and revised during time by the governing body. It is our intention only to present the information as concisely and as accurately as possible.


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