|As defined by The Official Encyclopedia of Bridge, 6th Edition, page 435, the terminology is defined as:|
|a play which forces an opponent to discard at a time, when the opponent would prefer not to discard.|
|As defined by The Heritage Dictionary the word means in the game of bridge, under which it has been indexed:|
|to force (an opponent) to use a potentially winning card in a trick he or she cannot take in the game of bridge.|
|Coup:||A coup is defined as a special play by the declarer, and more specifically a coup refers to an endplay situation, in which a defender's finessable trumps are trapped without a finesse.|
|Squeeze:||A squeeze is defined as forcing an opponent to discard a winning card, a potentially winning card, or a guard to a winning card in any suit.|
Definitions of Various Guards
In order to understand the fundamental concept of the squeeze play it is necessary for the bridge player to also understand that the use of the word guard or guard stopper is frequently employed in order to describe accurately the function of the particular squeese. Below are five categories of the term guard and the significance of their definition.
1. Positive Guard: A, A-K, Q-J-10, J1-10-9-8, 10-9-8-7-6 2. Probable Guard: K-J-x, K-10-x, Q-J-x 3. Possible Guard: Q-x-x, J-9-x-x 4. Positional Guard: K-x 5. Partial Guard: K, Q-x, J-x-x, 10-x-x-x
These individual definitions assist the bridge player to recognize the situation almost in advance as to the correct action at the bridge table.
Note to the Reader About Squeeze Techniques
Bridge authors have studied the nature of the squeeze and have published their findings. These publications can be purchased via the Internet and the bridge student can educate himself about such actions in play. There are also many references on the Internet about these features of the game of bridge, and this list is by no means complete.
A New Approach to Double Clash Squeeze
An article authored by Mr. Xiaobo Zhang of River Edge, New Jersey, United States, was published in The Bridge World issue in October 2002, titled A New Approach to Double Clash Squeeze. Included is a direct quote from Mr. Xiaobo Zhang in his introduction:
This paper takes a new approach to double clash squeeze, emphasizing the entry conditions
and the relationship between double clash squeeze and either compound squeeze or, in rare
cases, double squeeze. I hope that it will be much easier for an advanced player to understand
the double clash squeeze under this approach. Readers are strongly advised first to have a
thorough understanding of double squeeze and compound squeeze.
1. Love, E. Clyde. Bridge Squeezes Complete. Dover Publications, Inc. New York. 1959. Pages 53-81, 185-234. 2. Wang, Chien-Hwa. The Squeeze at Bridge. Cadogan Bridge. London. 1993. Pages 141-203.
Kelsey On Squeeze Play
The publication by Mr. Hugh Walter Kelsey, titled Kelsey On Squeeze Play, printed in 1985, LC: 86110419, is an excellent source of information about squeeze plays. This particular publication offers for the first time in one volume and under one title the four separate books published by Mr. Hugh Kelsey on squeeze play: Simple Squeezes, Strip-Squeezes, Double Squeezes, and Triple Squeezes.
Bridge Squeezes Complete
The publication titled Bridge Squeezes Complete, authored by Mr. Clyde Elton Love, published by Dover Publications in 1968, is also available on the Internet in an interactive version. The user can use this interactive version to play all 129 exercises and 59 problems before proceeding with the analysis and answers. Mr. Lorne Russell prepared this interactive version for the PC in English. A French version of this interactive work has been prepared by Mr. Theo van Dommelen, which includes Squeeze Simple, Double Squeeze, Jeu d'élimination, Strip Squeeze Bicolore, Squeezes Tricolores Avancés, Squeeze Composé, and Squeeze a l'Atout. A free download for evaluation is offered.
The publication of Mr. Anthony Moon, titled Simple Squeezes, published in 2007 by Four O'Clock Press, contains explanations about many forms of the squeeze play and shows with illustrations the execution of multiple squeezes. This publication can be purchased at amazon.com. This is the first book in a series of eight intended publications on Bridge Squeezes and introduces the subject. It is aimed at experienced players who are ready to improve their playing ability and wish to understand more about these fascinating positions. Each position is shown as a diagram showing the cards remaining and how the position is played. Mr. Anthony Moon has a website, which the interested bridge player can visit.
The Squeeze Web
This website is devoted to a comprehensive analysis of the squeeze play in the game of bridge and is maintained by Mr. Don Kersey. It will eventually consist of several self-contained essays on different aspects of squeeze theory, together with a catalogue of positions. This catalogue will always be a work in development; the list will be as thorough as I can make it, but I don't expect to achieve a complete and definitive listing. If you encounter or discover a position which is not included in the catalogue, please let me know via email.
Marvin French Squeeze Refresher
A compilation of many play techniques, specifically squeezes, has been authored by Mr. Marvin French of Sand Diego, California, United States. This is a .pdf file and the link is to the .pdf file. If the connection does not function, then the link to the website of Mr. Marvin French should.
This website is devoted to explaining different forms of squeezes and is maintained by Mr. Robert Frick. Several of his treatises are listed below for the benefit of the visitor.
This website is mostly original essays and is also maintained by Mr. Robert Frick.
Extended Menace Squeeze
This tutorial is presented by Mr. Robert Frick on his website and is included in this list. In keeping with the attempt to list all squeeze techniques we include this information for the visitor and student. This information has only been archived and preserved on this site in .pdf file format for future reference.
As quoted by Mr. Robert Frick: Fuzzy Squeeze theory is a very different way of analyzing squeezes. The fuzzy squeeze is a squeeze fitting fuzzy squeeze theory. A player is being fuzzy squeezed when the player has to give up a card he would rather not give up. Look for it most often in a 3NT contract with declarer running a long suit. Mr. Robert Frick invented this concept around July 2008. In keeping with the attempt to list all squeeze techniques we include this information for the visitor and student.
Squeeze Trim Endplay
As presented by Mr. Robert Frick and quoted: There are two basic types of squeeze-trim-endplay. For whatever reason, the most frequent examples are when the throw-in suit and the endplay suit are the same. This play technique was designated by Mr. Don Kersey as a One-Threat squeeze. Mr. Michael Courtney called this play technique a One Suit Squeeze. Mr. Barry Rigal suggested the designation as a Shave and a Haircut Squeeze. Mr. Nigel Guthrie suggested the designation Cosmetic Squeeze. In keeping with the attempt to list all squeeze techniques we include this information for the visitor and student. This information has only been archived and preserved on this site in .pdf file format for future reference.
Suicide Triple Squeeze on Dummy
This information is presented on the website of Mr. Robert Frick, and concerns a rare occurrence in the game of bridge, namely that of a Triple Squeeze on Dummy. In keeping with the attempt to list all squeeze techniques we include this information for the visitor and student. This information has only been archived and preserved on this site in .pdf file format for future reference.
Mr. Robert Frick has outlined the principles of this particular squeeze technique on his website. In keeping with the attempt to list all squeeze techniques we include this information for the visitor and student. This information has only been archived and preserved on this site in .pdf file format for future reference.
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