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June 25, 2024

Holiday Respiratory Illness Surge Drives High Hospitalization Rates

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Dec 27, 2023

A convergence of COVID-19, influenza, RSV, and other seasonal respiratory viruses is causing a surge in hospitalizations across the U.S., with 9 states now at the CDC’s highest alert level. Experts urge vaccination and prevention measures amid busy holiday travel season.

Hospital Capacity Strained With More Illness On The Way

Hospitals and healthcare systems nationwide are reporting extremely high patient volumes, filled ICU beds, and long emergency room wait times as four major respiratory viruses circulate intensely.

The CDC reports COVID-19 hospitalization rates have doubled over the past month, with 4,500 patients admitted per day on average. Influenza hospitalization rates are nearing previous seasonal highs, while RSV and other common cold viruses complete the “tripledemic.”

CDC Director Rochelle Walensky stated this confluence of threats is straining hospital capacity nationally: “Emergency departments are very crowded, hospitals are very crowded, as we’re entering this holiday season.”

Total current COVID-19 hospitalizations now match last winter’s Omicron surge levels. When combined with an unusually severe flu season and persistent RSV across the South, medical centers are struggling to keep pace.

Table 1: Hospital Resource Strain and Mitigation Efforts

Hospital System Challenge Highlights Actions Taken
Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville TN Operating over 95% inpatient bed capacity Postponing some procedures, adding beds
Norton Healthcare, Louisville KY High RSV admissions, long ER wait times Opened additional pediatric inpatient unit
Medical University of South Carolina Surge tents erected to handle overflow Postponing elective procedures, hiring additional staff
UC Davis Health, Sacramento CA ICUs full, using surge capacity plans Visitor restrictions reinstated

pediatrician Dr. Elizabeth Mack of Medical University of South Carolina summed up the nearly unprecedented pressure on frontline staff: “This is sort of the worst winter viral season that I’ve seen in my career.”

9 States At Highest CDC Respiratory Virus Level

The CDC tracks state-by-state influenza and COVID activity levels, which inform public health guidance. For the first time this season, 9 states have now reached the “very high” classification: Alabama, California, Georgia, Kentucky, New Mexico, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia.

This indicates an extremely intense circulation of respiratory illness that could overwhelm healthcare resources without urgent action. CDC tracking also shows 36 states at high activity levels, an increase of 16 in just the last two weeks.

CDC Director Walensky noted activity is still rising going into the peak winter virus season, saying “I expect that we will see flu continue to circulate at very high levels moving forward.” The overlapping surge of four respiratory viruses is proving difficult to manage, on top of typical holiday trauma injuries and other medical issues.

Holiday Travel Could Spread Illness Despite Precautions

The 9 “very high” activity states contain major transportation hubs, which raises concerns holiday travel could rapidly spread viruses to new regions. Airports, trains, buses, family gatherings, and New Year’s events all provide opportunity for contagious people to transmit illness.

CDC guidance emphasizes staying home when sick to avoid spreading viruses. However Director Walensky admits compliance is mixed: “I still don’t think that message has gotten through enough … people are still traveling when they are sick.”

Emergency physician Dr. Leana Wen cautions those most vulnerable to weigh risks carefully around the holidays:

“If you are visiting an elderly relative or someone who is immunocompromised or a young child who cannot get vaccinated, you want to make sure that you feel 100% before you go visit them.”

Public health leaders urge preparation, vaccination, masks, and distancing as additional precautions until this viral wave subsides.

Vaccination Uptake Mixed As Supply Issues Persist

Health experts widely promote influenza and COVID vaccine protection to lessen infection severity, hospitalizations, and deaths. However the CDC reports only 15% of the population has received both recommended shots, amid lingering supply chain disruptions.

Updated COVID boosters targeting newest Omicron subvariants have seen very low demand, though still offer increased protection. CDC data shows only 15 million doses administered of the new bivalent shots so far, a small fraction of previous campaigns. Also, enhanced flu vaccines to better match circulating strains have faced scattered shortages.

Director Walensky noted worry about yet another new Omicron subvariant emergence in the Northeast, saying “We have seen cases caused by the variant dubbed Kraken grow to account for over 30% of cases in New England.” This makes continued vaccination urgency vital with more viral mutation likely.

Preventive Focus On RSV As Child Cases Fill Hospitals

While COVID and flu dominate headlines, spike in respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infections make up a significant portion of current pediatric hospitalizations. RSV usually leads to mild cold symptoms in most kids and adults, but can cause breathing issues in very young infants.

CDC tracking indicates RSV activity remains extremely high across the South, after an unprecedented summer surge. Now, northern states like Minnesota are seeing major pediatric capacity challenges from rampant seasonal spread.

Doctors urge families to watch closely for RSV signals like wheezing, breathing difficulty, blue lips, rib recession, and dehydration – and promptly seek medical care if concerned. They advise frequent hand washing, avoiding sick contacts, and flu shot protection to prevent pediatric RSV complications.

Mitigation Focus Shifts From Mandates To Individual Action

Unlike earlier COVID waves, most locations have now dropped masking requirements, distancing policies, occupancy limits, and other public health mandates. Federal and state leaders largely allow local jurisdictions to set virus rules if desired, while emphasizing personal responsibility.

CDC continues to recommend indoor masking when community transmission reaches high levels like currently seen nationally. However, adherence varies widely depending on regional norms and politics. Director Walensky explained the updated stance:

“For individuals, it’s still important protection and especially important if you are in one of those areas of high circulation, we would recommend it. But in terms of requirements, those policies are now really up to local areas.”

Some health experts argue reinstating prevention rules could alleviate hospital strain as the tripledemic intensifies. But most governance focus has shifted to expanding medical capacity through emergency staffing, bed use maximization, and cooperative patient load balancing.

Precautions Still Critical For At-Risk Groups

While public officials hesitate to reintroduce COVID countermeasures, doctors strongly advise at-risk groups to take added precautions amid surging viruses. People over 65, unvaccinated, immunocompromised, or with underlying conditions remain vulnerable to severe illness.

Experts recommend properly fitted, high-filtration (N95/KN95) masks anytime indoors around groups until viral spread declines substantially from current national peak levels. At-risk individuals should also avoid crowded indoor spaces during peak cold and flu season – or at minimum distance from others and mask strictly.

Pediatricians also push parents to keep up strict prevention habits like hand washing and isolating children when symptoms appear, because of heavy RSV circulation. They should seek prompt testing and treatment for babies with any breathing concerns.

Continued personal precautions balanced with risk awareness offer the best safety path until the health system regains footing beyond the holiday viral peak. Medical leaders anticipate continued heavy patient volumes through January based on the scale of current infection spread.

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AiBot scans breaking news and distills multiple news articles into a concise, easy-to-understand summary which reads just like a news story, saving users time while keeping them well-informed.

To err is human, but AI does it too. Whilst factual data is used in the production of these articles, the content is written entirely by AI. Double check any facts you intend to rely on with another source.

By AiBot

AiBot scans breaking news and distills multiple news articles into a concise, easy-to-understand summary which reads just like a news story, saving users time while keeping them well-informed.

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